Conference City: Xi'An

Beautiful Age-old Imperial Capital

Xi'an is one of China's six ancient capital, and it served as a capital for thirteen feudal dynasties including the Zhou, Qin, Han, Sui, and Tang for more than 1602 years. The world famous Silk Road started from Xi'an. For her long history of being an economic, political and culture center, Xi'an has come to be a natural museum, which houses a complete array of historical sites of different historical periods. For example, Emperor Qin Shihuang's Mausoleum and the Terra-Cotta Army known as the eighth wonder of the world, the Big Wild Goose Pagoda and the Small Wild Goose Pagoda, the Xi'an Forest of Stone Tablets known as the library of stone inscriptions. Coupled with the pleasant weather of May, you will enjoy your stay in this city. In this conference, we will visit the following traveling sites:

1. Emperor Qin Shihuang's Terra-Cotta Warriors & Horses

Emperor Qin Shihuang's Terra-Cotta Warriors & Horses are located 1500m east of the mausoleum. In march, 1974, YANG Zhifa and other five villages discovered the pit while sinking a well. In the tree pits name Pit No. 1, Pit No. 2 and Pit No. 3, there are large quantity of pottery figures including horses, chariots, infantry, cavalry. From their military robe we can see there are generals and solders of various military ranks. The average height of terra-cotta figures is 1.8m, but all some about 2.1m. The terra-cotta figures in the three pits are arrayed in a practical battle formation with commanders facing east. And the amazing and mysterious underground mighty army of 2,000 years ago is attracting visitors both from home and abroad. Chirac, the exprime minister of France exclaimed that:" There are seventh wonders in the world, the discovery of Qin Shihusng Terra-Cotta Warriors is the eighth wonder. If you don't visit the Terra-Cotta Warriors, you can not say you have been to China.

Emperor Qin Shihuang's Terra-Cotta Warriors & Horses

2. Bronze Chariots and Horses

In 1980, two set of large painted bronze chariots and horses were unearthed. The above figure is the No. 1 Bronze Chariot.

Bronze Chariots and Horses
3. Mt. Huashan

Mt. Huashan lies in Huayin County and 120km east of Xi' an. It is 2,200m above the sea level. See from a distance, it resembles the shape of lotus in blossom. Out of the five famous mountains in China, Mt. Huashan is the extraordinarily perilous but peculiar, hence the name of No. 1 precipitous mount under heaven.

Most travelers used to turn back before the steep Thousand-Foot-High Precipice and a huge rock lying there is thus known as Back Rock. From there up are breath-taking cliffs of Hundred-Foot-High Gorge and Lao Jun (patriarch of Taoism) Gully, but blue Dragon Ridge bears threatening momentum. Father upwards are Chess Pavilion, Cliffside Roadway and Sparrow Hawk Cliff that look all the more terrifying.

A familiar saying has been One Road Leading Up to Mt. Huashan. Now, another road has been built under the North Peak for the convenience to climb the top. Moreover, a cableway has been installed that the disabled can go up the North Peak by cable car.

Mt. Huashan
4. Big Wild Goose Pagoda

The Big Wild Goose Pagoda is located in the Ci' en Temple about 4km south of the city. It is recorded that the temple was built in 648 by the Crown Li Zhi to commemorate his mother.

The construction of the pagoda owes much to a great Buddhist monk religiously named Xuanzang and secularly called Chenyi for his contribution to the Buddhism.

Originally, the pagoda was a 5-storeyed brick structure. Then to a 10-storeyed one whose top could be reached through the stairs inside the pagoda. For some unknown reason, the pagoda changed into a 7-storeyed one.

Big Wild Goose Pagoda
5. Small Wild Goose Pagoda

The Small Wild Goose Pagoda stands in the Jianfu Temple which used to be the residence of Prince Xiangcheng, a daughter of Emperor Li Shimin.

The pagoda built in 709 was originally named after the temple. It was a 15-storeyed brick structure with layers of eaves. According to a tombstone from Ming Dynasty, an earthquake in 1487 had split the pagoda into halves with a rift as wide as one third meter. Miraculously, the crack caused the 1480 quake closed us after another earthquake in 1520. No one could tell whether there existed a supernatural cause.

Small Wild Goose Pagoda
6. Forest of Steles

As the most comprehensive collection stone works in Asia, Xi'an Museum of Steles displays the main classics in morals, exemplary, calligraphy and fine sculptures.

Forest of Steles
7. City Wall

The city wall is 12m high, the top is 15m wide, the battlement is 1.65m high. There brick water through for drainage. There is gate tower and an arrow tower attached to the city wall in four directions. Three walls connecting the gate tower form four enclosed places.

City Wall