Conference City: Chengdu

 

 

Text Box:   Conference City

Chengdu is the capital of Sichuan and was determined by the State Council as the center of science and technology, commerce, trade and finance as well as leading hub of transportation and communications in Southwest China. It is a famous city with a history of 2,300 years and its adjacent area is the habitat of the rare animal -the Giant Panda. When visiting the historic resorts and places of interests of sightseeing along the streets and lanes in Chengdu, one can't help sensing the unique charms of this historic and cultural city with its original folk customs, typical snacks, traditional handicrafts, local operas and those folk arts passed down generations after generations. Here, the mountains and rivers present a splendid landscape merging the splendor of North China with elegance of South China. Chengdu is a potential and vigorous city where the ancient civilization combines with modern civilization closely day after day. The long history and culture, the superior Text Box:    natural conditions, the strong industrial base and strength of science and technology, as well as the fruitful tourism source, all these provide favorable conditions and service for the visitors.

Chengdu abounds in natural resources and has a mild climate. It has many places of interest, and is famous worldwide for its traditional arts and crafts, ethnic folklore, and beautiful landscapes. Chengdu enjoys an advantageous geographical location. It has easy access to the Three Gorges on the Changjiang River in the east; to Tibet, Jiuzhaigou, and Huanglong Temple in the west; to the Terra-cotta Warriors of Xi'an in the north; and to Mt. Emei and the Giant Buddha of Leshan in the south.

 

sCHEDULE OF THE CONFERENCE

Date

Morning

Afternoon

Evening

June 10

Register

Banquet & Show

June 11

Conference

Tour of Sanxingdui Museum

Banquet & Show

June 12

Conference

Tour of Dujiangyan Dam

Banquet

June 13-16

Tour of Jiu Zhai Gou

                                               

SIGHT INTRODUCTION

 

Sanxingdui Museum

Sanxingdui Site lies near Sanxing Village of Guanghan in Sichuan, covers an area of 12 square kilometers with 3000 to 5000 years history till now, is the site of old culture, old city and country with the Text Box:  largest range, the longest duration and the richest cultural contractions in Sichuan thus far, now there are well kept circumvallation in the east, west and south 3 directions. The discovery of Sanxingdui Site indicates that Yangtse River Valley is the cradle of Chinese civilization as the Yellow River Valley.

   Located in the northeast corner of the site, Sanxingdui Museum is 38 kilometers to Chengdu covering an area of 20 hektare, is the modern site museum with special topic; its main showrooms are 7,000 square meter in area.

Text Box:         The Sanxingdui Museum combines the collection and protection of cultural relics, scientific research and social education etc functions as a whole, adopts modern and scientific means to practise management, collects and shows the site of Sanxingdui and many valuable cultural relics unearthed from the No.1 and No.2 Shang Dynasty Sacrifice excavations, including various bronze, bowlder, gold plate, pottery and bone wares.

           Sanxingdui cultural relic is the valuable relic of human culture with huge research value in history, science, culture and art. Among the secret relics of Ancient Kingdom of Shu, there are many bizarre and motley bronze sculpts, including bronze standing statues who are 2.62 in height, bronze mask with 1.38m in width, bronze magic tree in 3.96m high, as well as beautiful gold plates represented by gold crabstick.

Text Box:   The topic of Museum seeks the romantic charm to combine physiognomy, historical sites, and the plastic arts of cultural relic perfectly. The Museum has artful layout in surrounding environment, the unique design fully embodies its feature 'Combining The Museum And The Garden As A Whole'.

       Sanxingdui Museum has accepted more than 2,000,000 visitors at home and abroad since its opening to the world in Oct.1997, has obtained very good social and economic benefits; many leaders of the CCP and the State have come and give their high praise, such as the President Jiang, the Premier Zhu, Li Ruihuan, and Hu Jintao.

              After several years' practice and propaganda, Sanxingdui gradually grows to be the well-known national AAAA level tourism region and one of the 'Three Scenic Spots' in Sichuan.

 

Riddling Sanxingdui

             The sacrifice excavations in ancient time normally were digged in 5 together, calculated like this, maybe the third, fourth and fifth will be discovered in Sanxingdui, correspondingly whether there will be more Text Box:  cultural relics unearthed, with more long history, more fine workmanship and more mysterious cultural relics

   Viewed the Sanxingdui Site of Ancient Kingdom Of Shu, there were cities, advanced bronze and large religion sacrifice Text Box:  sites built at that time all are sign factors of the existence of ancient countries but there aren't any sign on cultural relics which can be called words; it is very hard to believe how can the Shu Nationality create so advanced material civilization in the social environment without any word.

           Very strange character sculpts in Sanxingdui such as image of human face with vertical eyes are easy to let people think 'Men With Clairvoyances And Clairaudient' told in the fable is it the figure or the discarded things of visitors from the outer space

            The two excavations were not filled at the same time according to the mensuration of C14, No.1 Text Box:  excavation is 100 years before the No.2, but there is only about 20m between the two excavations, which have the same direction facing to the northwestern high mountains in general.

             In the component analysis to bronze unearthed from Sanxingdui, there isn't minimum zinc in all samples, it is very unbelievable because normally zinc exists along with lead in the nature, this result indicates that vanadium used by Shu people to smelt bronze isn't the normally used lead-zinc mine but vanadium without zinc which were hard to find in Sichuan at that time, how can people in Ancient Kingdom Of Shu get it

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Dujiangyan Dam

Situated on the upper reachers of the Minjiang River in Dujiangyan City, Dujiangyan in a gigantic water conservancy project completed more than 2200 years ago. It lies only 57 kilometers away from Chengdu, capital of Sichuan Province.

The Minjiang River, rising in Yangbo Ridge and swollen by streams on its upper reaches, rolls thunderously down. When the torrential waters slow down on the plain, the river gradually silts up with mud and sand, causing Text Box:   
 
floods and some other damage. To avoid disasters, Dujiangyan was built, which is a scientific, perfect irrigation and drainage system on an unprecedented scale.

The project is composed mainly of three parts: Yuzui, Feishayan and Baopingkou. Yuzui is a dam built in the middle of the Minjiang River, dividing it into two streams. The outside stream is for flood relief while the inside one for irrigation, Feishayan was designed not only for drainage but also for sand discharge and regulation of waters. Baopingkou for irrigation, it also controls influx of water. The part separated from Mt Yulei is called Detached Mound.

The project of Dujiangyan brings the vast Chengdu Plain under irrigation and protects it against droughts and water – logging. For centuries, this great irrigation works has contributed vasltly to the development of Sichuan’s economy and culture.

 

Emei Mountain

Located in the southwest  of Emei County, Sichuan Province, the Emei Mountain is one of the four Text Box:     
 
Buddhist shrines.

The mountain is known for its stiff cliffs, highrising peaks, roaring waterfalls, gurgling springs, towering ancient trees and fragrant flowers. It has been described as a “beauty spot under heaven” by Chinese men of letters since ancient times. The highest peak of the mountain is 3099 metres above sea level. The total rugged road to its summit is 75 kilometres long.

There are plenty of historical sites and a lot of precious cultural relics on the mountain. On the top of the mountain, a circle of violet, indgo, blue, green, yellow, orange and red lights may be observed in the Text Box:      
 
clouds, and you may feel as if you were caught in the circle, which moves with your shadow. This is the famed “precious Emei lights” or “Buddha’s halo”. On mountain slopes, ,monkeys often come out to “rob” you: they may extend their hands begging for food. If you show your empty hands, they usually let the matter go. But sometimes an insistent monkey will try to seize your coat to make sure you really have nothing to offer.

 

Leshan Statue of Buddha

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Located on the cliff in the Lingyun Mountain on the eastern bank at the confluence of the Minjuang, the Dadu and the Qingyi Rivers, the statue is 71 metres high. Its shoulders are 28 metres broad and its head is 14.7 Text Box:        
 
metres long and 10 metres broad. Its ear can support a man and its foot can accommodate 100 people. It is the biggest of such carvings in the world.

The construction started in the Tang Dynasty and lasted 90 years. There is a well – designed drainage system under the statue. It has been well preserved for over 1200 years.

 

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Jiuzhaigou

Jiuzhaigou (Nine – Village Gully) is a scenic spot tucked away in the depth of mountains at Jiuzhaigou County, a county in the northern part of Sichuan Province. It is 470 kilometres away from Chengdu, the provincial capital, with an elevation of about 2500 metres. The secenic spot actually consists of three major gullies, spread over a total area of 60000 hectares, which formerly was the site of nine stockaded villages of Tibetans. Hence the name Jiuzhaigou.

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Jiuzhaigou is well-known for its network of alpine lakes, spectacular waterfalls and wonderful vegetation. There are, for instance, 108 terraced lakes in the midst of great mountains where the valleys echo with the roar of cataracts and cliffside springs. The place, therefore, has always enjoyed the reputation of being a “Wonderland on Earth”. Besides, in the vast primeval forests there are all kinds of rare birds and animals. The place is a habitat for the giant panda, a rare animal not to be found elsewhere in the world.

 

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Thatched Cottage of Du Fu

The poet Du Fu lived in Chengdu for four years. In the western suburbs of the city, he built for himself a thatched hut and wrote a lot of poems here. The poet’s thatched cottage is an important scenie and historic spot in Chengdu.

 

Wuhou Temple

The Wuhou Temple, or the Temple to Marquis Wu, is located in the southern suburbs of the city. Text Box:     
 
It was constructed in commemoration of both Liu Bei (161-223), Emperor of the Kingdom of Shu Han in the Three Kingdoms Period (220-280), and Zhuge Liang (181-234), Prime Minister of the Kingdom. Thus the emperor and his premier are patrons of the same temple.

The memorial temple, dignified and simple in style, houses 47 statues of Liu Bei, Zhuge Liang and other civil officials and senior generals of the state. The temple is furnished with many inscribed stone tablets, the most  famous being the Three – Wonder Tablet of the Tang Dynasty with its text by Prime Minister Pei Du, calligraphy by Liu Gongquan and carvings by Lu Jian.